In 2006, MenC vaccination was recommended in Germany for all one year-old children, with older children eligible to receive the vaccine on an individual basis free-of-charge 17. MenC incidence decreased from 0.18 cases/100,000 inhabitants in 2006 to a low of 0.06 in 2014, while MenB.
Notifications are classified according to a standardized case definition 20 and anonymized case-based data transmitted to the national level at RKI, including information on diagnosis, outcome, and possible epidemiological links with other cases. German LHA were requested to review available information pertaining to notifications of.
Interviews with 7 MSM revealed frequent meeting of multiple partners online or via mobile apps and illicit drug use as potential risk factors. MenC incidence was 13-fold higher in MSM than non-MSM. MenC isolates from 9/11 MSM had a novel fHbp allele 766.
Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Data Availability: All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files.
C:P1.51,108:F3-6 was recognized in Berlin in 5 MSM from October 2012 to May 2013 8. A cluster of MenC IMD cases with the same finetype occurred in MSM in Paris in the summer of 2013 9.
A high proportion of MSM in this outbreak reported using illicit drugs and mobile phone apps or online websites to meet partners 5, but only the former was significantly more common than in a control group of men with giardiasis or amoebiasis 6.
He said authorities were still investigating the motive of the attack and were looking into reports that the suspect had yelled out "an exclamation" during the rampage. He was responding to reports that some witnesses had heard the suspect shout "Allahu Akbar" God Is Great.
The train was on its way from the Bavarian town of Treuchtlingen to Wuerzburg, which is about 60 miles northwest of Nuremberg. Germany last year registered more than 1 million refugees entering the country, including more than 150,000 Afghans, but it was not immediately clear.
A further outbreak of 7 MenC cases in MSM was reported from Chicago in 2015 7. A MenC outbreak due to finetype PorA variable region (VR) 1 51, PorA VR2 108, FetA VR F3-6, i.e.
sexuelle Gesundheit Klinik yardley Com Kontakt sex />These all involved serogroup C strains of Neisseria meningitidis (MenC) belonging to the sequence type (ST) 11, electrophoretic type (ET) 37/15. The outbreaks in Toronto and Chicago (6 cases each) ended rapidly after targeted meningococcal C (MenC) vaccination campaigns in the affected gay communities 3.
In accordance with article 25, section 1, of the German Infection Protection Act of 2001, a formal ethical review process and approval were not required for this investigation of an ongoing outbreak. The proportion and incidence of IMD cases in MSM and non-MSM were calculated.
This raised the hypothesis that sexual transmission may have played a role in the emergence of this clone among MSM 10. In Germany, the MenC outbreak in MSM occurred in a setting of low and decreasing IMD incidence (from 0.95 cases/100,000 inhabitants in 2003 to.
Because of the small number of outbreak cases and the sensitive nature of sexual orientation, however, we only provide age groups. In addition, we provide only aggregate data on clusters as shown in. Table 3, for the same reason.
(Picture: Getty) A man armed with an axe injured 14 train passengers after he went on a rampage on a train in southern Germany. The attacker, named as a 17-year-old Afghan by a German official, injured four people before he was shot and killed by police as.