Traude and Uli Spät have, as on so many occasions in the past, been extraordinarily generous in their hospitality during my stays in Munich, and taken a keen interest in my work over many years.
I am most grateful to each of them. Two scholars and friends I want to thank especially. Dr Jürgen Förster, a fine historian and notable expert on the Wehrmacht at the Bundesarchiv/Militärarchiv in Freiburg, answered numerous queries, directed me to important records, and, not least.
Hanged German officer, Vienna, April 1945 (photograph: akg-images/Interfoto/AWKZ ) 29. Overcrowded boat from Pillau crossing the Baltic Sea, March 1945 (photograph: akg-images) 30. Dresden, February 1945 (photograph: Scala, Florence/BPK/Walter Hahn) 31. Nuremberg, March 1945 (photograph: Scala, Florence/Walter Frentz Collection) 32.
Europe at the final surrender Acknowledgements One of the most pleasant parts of finishing a book is to thank those who, in different ways, have contributed to the making of it. My thanks first of all to the British Academy for a grant which helped.
Dr Susanne Urban was most helpful in guiding me through the extensive sources related to the death marchesonly recently opened to researchersat the International Tracing Service in Bad Arolsen, where I would also like to express my thanks to the director, M.
Jean-Luc Blondel. At Duxford, I benefited greatly from Dr Stephen Waltons expert assistance in consulting the valuable holdings of German documents. I started, and finished, the research for the book in the incomparable Institut für Zeitgeschichte in Munich, where I have had the good fortune.
An angel on the spire of Freiburg minster, 1946 (photograph: Scala, Florence/Walter Frentz Collection) List of Maps 1. The European fronts, July 1944 2. The Allied breakthrough in the West, June to September 1944 3.
Throughout this project Beverley für sex bezahlen, newcastle upon tyne Frauen beim ficken kostenlos Eaton, my long-serving secretary, has continued to provide excellent support, even now that I have left the University of Sheffield, and I am particularly grate).
Dr Andreas Kunz, of the Bundesarchiv/Militärarchiv in Freiburg, gave me some valuable tips on relevant archival holdings on my first visit there in connection with this project. Dr Heinrich Schwendemann of the University of Freiburg most generously went to great lengths to send me documents.
I am glad of the opportunity to extend my warm thanks to all and apologize to anyone whom I have inadvertently omitted. As I was feeling my way into the project, I benefited enormously, as always, from lengthy discussions with long-standing German friends, Professor Hans.
1943 (photograph: Scala, Florence/Walter Frentz Collection) 3. Joseph Goebbels, 1942 (photograph: Scala, Florence/Walter Frentz Collection) 4. Albert Speer, 1942 (photograph: Scala, Florence/Walter Frentz Collection) 5. Captured German prisoners near Falaise, September 1944 (photograph: Topfoto) 6.
German civilians evacuate Aachen, October 1944 (photograph: Bettmann/Corbis) 7. Wilhelm Keitel (undated) (photograph: Scala, Florence/Walter Frentz Collection) 8. Alfred Jodl, 1944 (photograph: Ullsteinbild/Topfoto) 9. Heinz Guderian, 1944 (photograph: Ullsteinbild/Topfoto) 10. Karl Dönitz, c. 1943 (photograph: Scala, Florence/Walter Frentz Collection) 11.
A- а главную К странице книги: Kershaw Ian. The End. Ian Kershaw THE END. The Defiance and Destruction of Hitlers Germany, 19441945. List of Illustrations 1. Martin Bormann, c. 1942 (photograph: akg-images) 2. Heinrich Himmler, c.